Korean Wave

Hallyu is the Korean Wave.

Steadily since the 2000s South Korea have been steadily exporting music, movies, TV and culture to Asia and in similar effect, the west.

This wave has made significant ripples among the Asian cultures especially. Japanese audiences were “driven into a frenzy in 2004″(Ryoo, 2009)  by Korean produced TV drama “Winter Sonata”winter-sonata

The Japanese prime minister at the time has been quoted as saying, Bae Yong-Joon (Actor Pictured above) was more popular than he was. The TV show inspired haircuts and new clothes in Japan as well as Vietnam, Taiwan, and Uzbekistan.

Ryoo comments that Korea had be predominately protecting them selves from cultural dominance from Japan and China. Now Korea is the biggest exporter of Pop culture in Asia.

Just look back at Gangnam Style.

And don’t forget just how popular it still is.




PSY took Gangnam Style all across the world to the west. To memory this is the first Kpop song I ever heard.


In the 2013 Youtube Music Awards, Girl’s Generation won Video of the Year. This was among competition such as One Direction, Lady Gaga and Miley Cyrus.


Film is another part of the Korean Wave that is doing well. Movies like The Admiral: Roaring Currents are taking pieces common to western cinema and using them with Original Korean stories.

The film is the largest in the South Korean box office with more than 17 million admissions and grossing over $100 million US.

The Korean Wave is growing in all directions, exporting music movies and culture. The Asia pacific countries like Japan, Taiwan and China are the most heavily impacted so far, but it is clear that the K-Wave will be making more of an impact in the west as time goes on.




Ryoo, W. (2009). Globalization, or the logic of cultural hybridization: the case of the Korean wave.Asian Journal of Communication,  139-142.


International Education: Why we’re failing.

Australia has been a bright hope for international students. A wealthy and safe country for students from nations across the world.

Australia sit’s among the top 15 best educational systems in the world today, which is of huge appeal to young foreigners, who are looking for work, education and money.download

Despite this, there have been growing concerns for international students as to just how safe it is in Australia.

In 2009 there were 120,913 Indian students enrolled for qualifications in Australia. 1447 of these students were victims of crime, including assaults and robberies.

This made significant waves in the media during the time.

Click for full story

In Australia, there is no support system for international students in situations as bad as these. A similar case has occurred recently with a dispute with a 7/11 employer who withheld $21,298 for a foreign worker.

This has been ascribed to Australian’s sense of ethnocentrism. Our belief that our culture is superior to foreign cultures has been blamed for the attack of Manrajawinder Singh and the unjust pay of 7/11 employees.

However, despite the attitudes of some Australian’s the Center of research for Social Inclusion found that foreign students ” interested in getting to know ‘Australians’ and curious about their lives.” (Kell & Vogl, 2006, p6). Despite this, international students felt that Australians didn’t want to get to know them.

A 10 page cover story form the Indian magazine Outlook, titled “Why the Aussies hate us.” did tremendous damage to Australia’s reputation. 1264974337523

The outrage expressed in India was directed at the Australian government for not taking the motive to the attacks seriously. “smug and superior attitude of the Australian Government for denying there was racism and then telling Indians not to hype this up” (Mehta,2010) The rest of the article looking at this magazine can be found here.

This comment and the articles are highlighting our ethnocentrism. And this is not helping Australia’s image in the global world. Australian universities other educational institutions  pull in a large portion of international students which grow our labor force and raise the skills of citizens or people attaining citizenship. However, safety and security as well as the exploitation in housing and employment.

This is a problem Australia is still facing. In the International Media and Communcations  tutorial the class discussed a few idea about the situations. It’s clear that this debate will continue for a while to come. At it’s core it’s about our countries view of itself and how well we welcome outsiders. Racism is a pressing issue for Australians and sorting out our differences is going to make a difference on a global scale.



World education rankings: which country does best at reading, maths and science? | News | The Guardian. 2015. World education rankings: which country does best at reading, maths and science? | News | The Guardian. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2010/dec/07/world-education-rankings-maths-science-reading. [Accessed 02 September 2015].

Indian Magazine Reports On Australian ‘Hate’. 2015. Indian Magazine Reports On Australian ‘Hate’. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.smh.com.au/national/indian-journal-focuses-on-hate-20100131-n6ju.html. [Accessed 02 September 2015].

Peter, Gillian, K,V, 2006. International Students: Negotiating life and study in Australia through Australian Englishes . Center for research on social inclussion, [Online]. -, 6. Available at:https://moodle.uowplatform.edu.au/pluginfile.php/455993/mod_resource/content/1/Week%203_Kell%20and%20Vogl.pdf[Accessed 01 September 2015].

Court action after alleged underpayment of overseas worker at 7-Eleven in Brisbane – Media releases – Fair Work Ombudsman . 2015. Court action after alleged underpayment of overseas worker at 7-Eleven in Brisbane – Media releases – Fair Work Ombudsman . [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.fairwork.gov.au/about-us/news-and-media-releases/2015-media-releases/february-2015/20150209-haider-litigation. [Accessed 04 September 2015].


Globalisation: Don’t be so afraid

The topic of Globalisation has been floating around me the last few years, and is almost becoming a bad smell from the sounds of my peers when the word is dropped.

It’s not a straightforward concept to begin with.


Globalisation is the connections between countries and people. It’s the nexus of global trade in commodities, social ideas, cultures and geopolitics. It connects us as local citizens of our city or country to the rest of the world.

Globalisation is making the world smaller and bringing ideas and cultures across boarders.

An example was raised in the discussion that describes one aspect of globalisation; The car industry. Cars in Australia were either imported from America or simply assembled here by immigrant labor (another aspect of globalisation in itself) Australia then began manufacturing the Holden FX. Now there are cars imported from America, Europe and Asia. This is all because of globalisation, specifically expanding local markets to a global community. But in this example, it doesn’t end there. European cars are more expensive to service and replacing parts from a BMW is more expensive than parts for a Honda. This reflects the difference in laboring and transport costs.

Similarly, the transnational company, Nike has been spread around the world and has one of the highest brand recognition.


Recognized around the world, Nike is the biggest producer of sport apparel. Globalisation has spread Nike products all over the globe. Nike operates as if the world is just one market. Bega cheese comes from Bega. Nike simple exists internationally. It’s associated with the biggest athletes and teams from multiple countries. However, Nike didn’t to where it is without help. Because of gobalisation, Nike outsources it’s production to poorer countries, using incredibly cheap labor using workers who are paid 20 cents p/hour. This is a darker reality to globalisation. Because of the global contentedness, Nike is able to exploit people to progress their own ends.

The discussion in class evolved into a more personal  experience as we were asked how globalisation affects us as Australians. Vegemite™ was mentioned and the true Aussies were outraged that it had been sold to overseas companies. Being opposition and argumentitive, I took the other side simply for the benefit of the debate.

Our cultures are merging, which is especially apparent in Australia. Societies are sharing customs with one another and physical differences in race and culture is now bridged with ideological similarities.

Not that cultural identity and icons aren’t important, but that we shouldn’t fear the new ideas, cultures and customs that come with globalisation. We are humans of one earth and should be united as a species. Globalisation is helping this unification and bringing the local to the global; ‘Glocal’

So don’t fear the interconnection, just be aware.